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Daniel Keyes Books In Order

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Publication Order of Billy Milligan Books

The Minds of Billy Milligan (1981)Hardcover  Paperback  Kindle
The Milligan Wars (1994)Hardcover  Paperback  Kindle

Publication Order of The EC Archives Books

with Robert Bernstein
The EC Archives: Psychoanalysis (With: Robert Bernstein) (2020)Hardcover  Paperback  Kindle

Publication Order of Standalone Novels

Flowers for Algernon / Charly (1959)Hardcover  Paperback  Kindle
The Touch / The Contaminated Man (1971)Hardcover  Paperback  Kindle
The Fifth Sally (1980)Hardcover  Paperback  Kindle
The Asylum Prophecies (2009)Hardcover  Paperback  Kindle

Publication Order of Non-Fiction Books

Unveiling Claudia: A True Story (1986)Hardcover  Paperback  Kindle
Algernon, Charlie, and I (2000)Hardcover  Paperback  Kindle

Publication Order of Anthologies

Those Who Can: A Science Fiction Reader(1973)Hardcover  Paperback  Kindle
Nebula Awards 35 (2001)(2001)Hardcover  Paperback  Kindle

Daniel Keyes was an American fantasy, science fiction and literary fiction author that was best known as the author of “Flowers of Algernon.” The author was born in Brooklyn to American Jewish parents William and Betty. He was born in 1927 and hence he grew up during the Great Depression. While he was just a boy, he used to work in factories and deliver sandwiches. As a fourteen year old boy, he used to work as an assistant for a delivery man working for a bagel bakery in New York City. He used to take the 4am till 7am shift before the driver dropped him off at school. When he was sixteen, he took a waiting job and it was the money he saved from that job that he paid most of his first year college tuition at New York University as a medical student.

Shortly after turning eighteen, Daniel Keyes joined the US Maritime Service and hopped on a converted liner that was ferrying troops to France during World War II. iN 1946, he worked as an untrained ship’s doctor and purser on a number of vessels. Keyes used the money he saved working on ships to live on while he wrote “Flowers for Algernon” his debut novel. While he had some money, it was not so easy getting published as more than a dozen publishers rejected his manuscript. He then enrolled at New York University for a course in journalism and after graduating, he proceeded to Brooklyn College. But he lost interest in journalism and started pursuing psychology instead. During this time, he supported himself selling direct mailing advertising and selling encyclopedias. He used that money to pay for his college education in anthropology, sociology and sociology until he graduated in 1950.

Once Daniel Keyes had graduated, Lester del Rey, an acquaintance that was also a writer got him a job at Stadium Publications, a pulp publisher where he worked as associate fiction editor. At the publisher, he wrote for “Atlas Comics” that was then struggling to find relevance and for a time also worked for “Marvel Science.” It was during this time that he got married to Aurea Vazquez whom he met through a friend. While his wife set up a fashion photography business, Keyes was a teacher of English at several high schools in Brooklyn even as he also pursued his masters degree in American and English literature. While Daniel Keyes was doing his studies he was also penning comic scripts for “EC Comics” under the pseudonyms AD Locke and Kris Daniels. Some of his works during this time included “Confessions Illustrated,” “Shock Illustrated” and “Psychoanalysis.”

Daniel Keyes began working as a Wayne State University creative writing professor in 1962 though he would soon move to Ohio University in 1966. He would work as a professor of Creative Writing and English until he retired in the early 1990s. His debut novel “Flowers for Algernon” was published in 1959 and won the best short story Hugo Award in 1960. With the work becoming a huge success, he decided to expand it into a novel and revealed more about the lead character’s early background. The novel would go on to become a Nebula award winning work and also received an Academy award when it was made into a 1958 film titled “Charly.” Following the success of the novel, Keyes was granted a MacDowell Colony fellowship for creative artists. It was while he was doing his fellowship in Peterborough in New Hampshire that he wrote his 1968 published second novel “The Touch.” By the time of his death he had more than a half a dozen titles to his name.

“Flowers for Algernon” the debut novel by Daniel Keyes is the story of Charlie Gordon, a man that was born with a very low IQ score. The only job he would be good for is sweeping the floors of a bakery. But then he is asked to participate in an experiment which slowly but surely transforms him into a genius and a person that he always desired to be. But becoming intelligent comes with a price as he learns that the people he knew for years may not be what he thought they were. He always associated laughter with friendship but now knows it is oftentimes mockery. He had always heard that having a good memory was all one needed to be intelligent and he finds it to be true via experience. Memories he had forgotten are now flooding back causing a lot of pain. While his intelligence is now far greater than that of an ordinary human he still has the mind of a child and is learning what many other people learned as children. He does not understand why he had a sexual response to women and is also perplexed when his friends say one thing when they mean something else.

“The Minds of Milligan” the second novel by Daniel Keyes tells the story of Billy Milligan. He is a man that has been battling more than two dozen personalities that fight for supremacy inside of him. Because of this battle, he had awoken in jail and been arrested for the rape and kidnap of three men. He had been fortunate enough to be acquitted of all the charges as the multiple personality disorder meant he qualified for insanity. It was the first ever acquittal on such grounds that brought to light the most harrowing and remarkable case of MPD ever recorded. He has more than twenty four men, women,children, teachers, lesbians and stepfathers each with their own agendas. The only one that can bring all the personalities together is the teacher who introduces all of the characters in what is a shocking story. The reader is drawn into the world of a young man whose mind is splintered and tortured unlike any other before it.

“The Fifth Sally” by Daniel Keyes is the story of drab waitress, loner and divorcee Sally Porter. She also happens to suffer from multiple personality disorder and had four different people living in her. There is Bella the sex addict with a talent for dancing and singing; the hate filled killer Jinx; the happy go lucky tomboy Derry and the cold and indepemnendent artist Noal who maintains a Greenwich Village studio. Whenever things become too much for Sally Porter, she usually feels a blackout and headache and a new character takes over her mind and body. If she wants to fascinate some man she will have Bella take over. When she needs to do something intelligent she depends on Nola. When there is someone to be dealt with she turns into the vicious jinx. It is now up to the patient and wise Roger Ash who also has his own serious issues to conduct therapy and try to combine all the personalities into one person.

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